The history of IBM


IBM or International Business Machines is a well-known American computer manufacturer, founded by Thomas J. Watson (born 1874-02-17). IBM is also known as “Big Blue” after the color of its logo. The company has made everything from mainframes to personal computers and has been immensely successful selling business computers.
IBM is, perhaps, the best known computer company in the world. It began as the Computing, Tabulating & Recording Company founded by Herman Hollerith in the late 1800s. Their first large contract was to provide tabulating equipment for the tabulation and analysis of the 1890 US census. The company grew quickly and, in the early 1920s the name was changed to IBM. IBM was the world leader in providing computer systems for both business and scientific applications.
On June 15, 1911 The Company created by the merger of The International Time Recording Company Computing Scale Company, and the Tabulating Machine Company. The companies’ combined revenue for the fiscal year 1910 was “excess of $950,000. Today, the multinational rakes in almost $100 billion a year and employs 450,000.
In 1914, Thomas J. Watson brings with him the “Think” motto when he managed the sales and advertising departments at the National Cash Register Company. “Thought,” he says, “has been the father of every advance since time began. I didn’t think’ has cost the world millions of dollars.” Soon, the one-word slogan “THINK” appears in large block-letter signs in offices and plants throughout the company.
IBM president focuses the attention of the Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation — IBM’s former name; it was changed in 1924 — away from small office products and toward large-scale, custom-built tabulating solutions for businesses. Amazingly, it retains this focus today.
IBM began designing and manufacturing calculators in the 1930s. In 1944, IBM together with Harvard University financed the invention of the the first machine to compute long calculations automatically. By 1953, IBM was ready to completely produce their own computers, which began with the IBM 701 EDPM, their first commercially successful general-purpose computer.
Thomas Johnson Watson Junior wanted to contribute what he called a “defense calculator” to aid in the United Nations’ policing of Korea. There were only nineteen manufactured. The first went to IBM’s world headquarters in New York. Three went to atomic research laboratories. Eight went to aircraft companies. Three went to other research facilities. Two went to government agencies, including the first use of a computer by the United States Department of Defense. Two went to the navy and the last machine went to the United States Weather Bureau in early 1955.
In 1959, the IBM 1401 data processing system was introduced, the first computer ever to achieve sales of over 10,000 units. Also in 1959, the IBM 1403 printer was built.


Robert Dennard invented one-transistor Dynamic Random Access Memory or DRAM in 1968. DRAM, a new type of computer memory chip that allowed computers to have more memory at a cheaper price.
In 1971 IBM invented its first operational application of speech recognition. Also developed an experimental terminal that prints computer responses in Braille.
In July of 1980 IBM representatives met for the first time with Bill Gates to talk about writing an operating system for IBM’s new “personal” computer. Bill Gates agreed to create an operating system and in August 12 1981 IBM introduced the PC complete with a brand new operating system from Microsoft, a 16-bit computer operating system called MS-DOS 1.0.
IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory fellows J. Georg Bednorz and K. Alex Mueller receive the 1987 Nobel Prize for physics for their breakthrough discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in a new class of materials. This is the second consecutive year the Nobel Prize for physics has been presented to IBM researchers.

Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. arrived as IBM’s chairman and CEO on April 1, 1993. Gerstner had been chairman and CEO of RJR Nabisco for four years, and had previously spent 11 years as a top executive at American Express.
In May 1997, IBM demonstrated computing’s potential with Deep Blue, a 32-node IBM RS/6000 SP computer programmed to play chess on a world class level. In a six-game match in New York, Deep Blue defeated World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov. It was the first time a computer had beaten a top-ranked chess player in tournament play, and it ignited a public debate on how close computers could come to approximating human intelligence.
The Guiness Book of Records officially recognizes IBM for setting two world records in Internet traffic on the 1998 Nagano Olympic Winter Games Web site: “The Most Popular Internet Event Ever Recorded” and, with 110,414 hits, “The Most Hits On An Internet Site in One Minute.”
IBM is awarded the 2000 U.S. National Medal of Technology for the company’s record of innovation in storage technology. This marks the seventh time that IBM and its scientists have received the nation’s highest award for technological innovation.
Samuel J. Palmisano becomes president and chief operating officer in 2000 and then, named chief executive officer of IBM. As CEO, Palmisano succeeds Louis V. Gerstner, Jr., who remains IBM chairman through 2002.
In 2001, IBM announces the general availability of the ThinkPad TransNote. The world’s first portfolio notebook combining a mobile computer with a digital notepad.
2005: Lenovo purchases IBM’s personal computing division, completing IBM’s transition into a services company and away from selling directly to consumers. The company makes tens of billions of dollars selling services — not machines — to businesses.

These are the Best Online Sources to Buy a Computer

There is not a single person in the world nowadays that is not aware of the internet and how it functions.

From the youngest child to the oldest adult, it is not possible to find a single being who is not able to surf and browse through the cyberspace. It does not matter whether or not you are tech-savvy, you must have heard about the internet.

So, since the internet has become so entrenched in our lives, it is only natural that we rely on it for literally everything we require. This could be the newest gadgets, kitchen utensils and even clothes.

Online Shopping for Computers


  • Apart from the basics, people enjoy shopping online. It is simple to just type the name of the product you are looking for. Thousands of results pop up and all you are required to do is type the name of the site you want to explore.


  • This is so simple that even purchasing your computers can be carried out easily even though you might require examining and testing each part to ensure it is working.


  • It seemed impractical sometime back to think of purchasing a computer without testing it. However, buying them online is now the best method. It does not matter whether you are interested in a laptop or desktop PC; the internet has whatever you may require.


  • You might think that you need to browse through a number of online computer stores, and there is some truth in this. However, this has been made simpler as all you require to do is locate a comparison shopping site and in a matter of seconds, you will acquire your new computer.


About Comparison Sites


  • Comparisons sites were created in the 1990s during the internet explosion. Also referred to as a price comparison service, these sites make it possible for consumers to make wise choices when shopping.


  • They also enable them to save money by providing them with access to various lists of prices from various retailers for particular items. They then carry out comparisons and finally pay for what they think is the best deal.


  • These sites do not sell any of the items but have the ability of directly sourcing prices from retailers who can provide consumers with the particular products they require.


  • Products are listed by genre and retailers submit a fixed fee to be included in the list for comparison sites. They are also simple to use. Clients just click on a specific retailer whose price seems affordable, for the particular product they want.


  • They are immediately directed to the retailers’ website where they can access more details about the item including studying reviews from customers and testimonials. These greatly assist when it comes to making a decision.



Purchasing Computers from Comparison Sites


  • When buying your computers from these sites, you may find it intimidating as the list for retailers is vast. However, the advantage of utilizing comparison sites to purchase computers is that you are able to narrow down your search and come up with just the results you need.


  • Search parameters which are commonly available on comparison sites for shopping for computers include conducting a search by range of price, brand, processor model, speed, memory installed and the capacity of the hard drive.


  • You are even able to arrange your search from the lowest prices to the highest if you are operating on a budget. It is vital to be aware that the prices are inclusive of shipping fees in many sites.


  • These online shopping sites also have useful articles on tips and advice on how to acquire the best computers and what you should think about before purchasing one.


  • You will also be provided with purchasing guides to make your search for an ideal computer less frustrating. This kind of service is not possible from offline stores where you encounter aggressive salesmen who might sell you something costly which you do not require.